Invertase Enzyme A Bridge Between Sucrose and Fructose
Enzymes play a crucial role in various biological processes, including digestion, metabolism, and synthesis. One such enzyme is invertase, which acts as a bridge between sucrose and fructose. In this article, we will explore the functions of invertase and its significance in different industries.
Sucrose is a common disaccharide found in many plants, particularly sugar cane and sugar beets. It consists of one molecule of glucose linked to one molecule of fructose through a glycosidic bond. However, for our bodies to utilize these sugars effectively, they need to be broken down into their individual components – glucose and fructose.
This is where invertase comes into play. Invertase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into its constituent monosaccharides – glucose and fructose. The process involves breaking the glycosidic bond between them by adding water molecules.
The primary function of invertase occurs naturally within our bodies during digestion. When we consume foods containing sucrose (table sugar), it enters our stomachs where gastric acid breaks it down partially before reaching the small intestine. Once there, pancreatic enzymes like invertase further break down sucrose into glucose and fructose for absorption into the bloodstream.
Food Industry: Invertase finds extensive use in food processing due to its ability to convert sucrose into more easily digestible forms like glucose or fructose syrup. This conversion enhances sweetness while also improving texture and flavor profiles in products such as candies, chocolates, baked goods, jams/jellies.
Brewing Industry: During beer production or fermentation processes involving malted barley or other grains rich in starches/sugars; yeast converts these sugars primarily into alcohol (ethanol) and carbon dioxide. However, yeast cannot directly ferment sucrose. By adding invertase to the brewing process, it invertase enzyme breaks down sucrose into glucose and fructose, allowing yeast to efficiently convert them into alcohol.
Pharmaceutical Industry: Invertase has potential applications in drug delivery systems due to its ability to break down complex sugars like sucrose into simpler forms that can be easily absorbed by the body. This could improve the bioavailability of certain medications or enhance their stability during storage.